Telemedicine to improve healthcare delivery in Ghana
The Novartis Foundation and the Ghana Health Service have announced the successful integration and scale-up of a telemedicine programme, with national coverage expected to be possible by 2019.The telemedicine service started as a pilot model in the Amansie West District of the Ashanti Region in 2011, covering 30 communities of around 35,000 people, with the Novartis Foundation working with a variety of local and international partners, including the Ghanaian Ministry of Health.
The programme uses mobile technology to connect community health workers with specialist health professionals via 24-hour teleconsultation centres. Doctors, nurses and midwives in the teleconsultation centers coach community health workers and advise on the treatment of their patients, particularly in emergency care.
This strengthens healthcare capacity and empowers community health workers, while also improving quality of care, avoiding unnecessary referrals and reducing transport times and costs for patients. In 2016, more than half of all teleconsultations could be resolved directly by phone, including 31% that avoided referrals
Based on the success of the telemedicine model, the Ghana Health Service has now selected it for implementation across the nation as part of its national e-health strategy to use ICT to improve healthcare delivery.
Working with the Novartis Foundation on a roadmap for scale-up, the Ghana Health Service and the Ministry of Health have now set up and staffed six teleconsultation centres across the country. Full national coverage of telemedicine services is expected to be possible by 2019.
"We want to make sure that by 2020, everybody can have access to quality affordable healthcare in Ghana, irrespective of where you are. I see telemedicine as the next step on the path to achieving Universal Health Coverage in Ghana," said Dr Anthony Nsiah-Asare, director general of the Ghana Health Service.
The integration of telemedicine services into national health policy marks a step-change for multi-sector partnerships bringing impactful programmes to scale.
"We're very proud to have been a part of this partnership, all the way from the pilot model to the roadmap for national implementation," said Dr Ann Aerts, head of the Novartis Foundation. "Working with policymakers to integrate initiatives like telemedicine into health systems is the ultimate goal for us –-only with sustained government leadership can such initiatives continue to transform healthcare for years to come."