Rwanda  pioneers medical delivery by drone

Rwanda pioneers medical delivery by drone

By Collins Mwai:

Rwanda  first medical supply of remotely piloted aircraft, popularly known as drones, will be launched in Rwanda today. The pioneer project, in Muhanga District in southern Rwanda, will see drones used in delivery of much needed supplies to ensure efficiency and timeliness.

The launch comes nine months after the Government entered into an agreement with Zipline Inc, a California-based robotics firm to build infrastructure for unmanned aerial system to ensure efficient logistical transportation of medical supplies in the country.

The hustle

The issue of delivery of medical supplies to the countryside has always been a daunting one for the Ministry of Health. Under normal circumstances, when Kabgayi District Hospital in Southern Province requires replenishing blood supplies, it takes four to five hours using an ambulance by road from Kigali.

This happens about twice a week but during medical emergencies, requisition for blood supplies from the National Blood Transfusion Centre could be made up to five times. Other than the road trip, the blood delivery process requires that lab technicians leave their stations at the facility for the city to put in an order and follow-up till it gets to Kabgayi District Hospital.

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At times, the process could require them to spend a night in Kigali, according to Dr Espoir Kajyibwami, the director of the hospital.The drones are expected to curb such tedious processes to acquire blood as well as medical supplies at up to 21 hospitals across Southern and Western provinces.

Using drone technology will cut down the time taken in delivering blood supplies to about 30 minutes on making an order and will not require staff from the health facilities to leave their stations.

Experts say drone technology presents an opportunity to turn around the quality and efficiency of medical services in remote areas.With the reduced duration in delivery of blood supplies, medical practitioners expect that patients will get urgent attention and will also enable them respond better to emergency cases.

Dr Kajyibwami told The New Times that the new technology will enable them reduce the time taken to replenish their supplies and respond better to medical emergencies.


After witnessing two delivery tests (on Wednesday and yesterday), he said he was convinced that the hospital would improve efficiency in dealing with blood delivery. Kajyibwami said drones will also cut costs incurred by the facility in the process of replenishing blood supplies.


"The process currently requires that one drives to Kigali, occasionally spending a night as well as other costs. This will no longer be the case with this technology," he said.For the brains behind the project, the nine month duration from the agreement signing to today's launch has largely been taken up by processes of building the right infrastructure, integrating into the value chains and building partnerships.

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This being the first globally that drones have been used to deliver medical supplies, the team involved said that they were faced with a number of challenges which they overcame through partnerships.


'No manual book'

Speaking to The New Times from Muhanga yesterday, Keller Rinaudo, chief executive of Zipline, said the process to implement the agreement required them to learn through the process as there is no manual book to go by.