QUARITE : A scheme that reduces death during childbirth won €1 million prize
QUARITE project which implemented a simple but effective scheme that reduces the death toll of mothers and babies during childbirth – an audit committee that reviews all maternal deaths and then makes recommendations to improve conditions. Carried out in Mali and Senegal, the initiative successfully reduced overall maternal deaths in hospitals by 15% and also cut neonatal mortality.
The primary objective of the QUARITE (quality of care, risk management, and technology in obstetrics) trial was to assess whether a multifaceted intervention to promote maternal death reviews and training for emergency obstetric care in referral hospitals would reduce hospital based mortality. The secondary objectives were to improve perinatal health, resource availability, and medical practices.
More than 800 women die every day from preventable complications in pregnancy or childbirth and 99% of these deaths occur in developing countries.
‘The day that you are born is the most dangerous day of your life,’ said Professor Marleen Temmerman, director of women’s health at Aga Khan University Medical College in Kenya. ‘We know what to do but we don’t implement enough.’
The former director of reproductive health and research at the World Health Organization was speaking at the awards ceremony of the Horizon Birth Day prize, an initiative funded by the EU, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and MSD for Mothers to support marketable, scalable and innovative solutions for preventable deaths in childbirth.
‘Technology is just a part of the process. But innovation is changing the world by doing things differently,’ said Carlos Moedas, EU Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, who presented the QUARITE project with their prize. ‘It’s tragic to see that so many mothers or their newborn babies die. Through this contest, we identified several ways of preventing these deaths,’ he said.
Dr Alexandre Dumont of the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement in France, the lead researcher of QUARITE, said that the idea for the project came from the time he spent as a young doctor working in hospitals in Africa.
‘I was very shocked about the maternal deaths, I wanted to do something,’ he said. He later examined historical initiatives in the UK, where maternal death reviews had been established with a lot of success, and decided to bring a similar scheme to Mali and Senegal.
The project encountered some cultural obstacles, however – doctors and medical staff were initially very hesitant to support the programme, fearing that they would be blamed for mistakes made.
No name, no blame
‘There was a lot of resistance. When you start such a process in any country for the first time, it’s very difficult because people are afraid of what might happen – maybe the chief of the committee would say to the health professional that “this is your fault”,’ said Dr Dumont. To reassure the staff, they adopted a no name, no blame strategy, and by targeting the failed processes rather than the individuals, they succeeded in substantially reducing the mortality rates.
Some of the problems that the audits highlighted were surprisingly simple – for example, mothers who went into labour during the night were unable to receive oxytocin because the local pharmacy was closed. The audit brought such issues into the spotlight and a small emergency pharmacy was set up in response.
There was a substantial impact on rural and remote hospitals, which have extra limitations relating to drug supplies, medical equipment and also training and supervision. In these hospitals, the death rate decreased by 35% as a result of the death audits. QUARITE is now expanding its reach to Chad, Niger, and in the future, Burkina Faso.